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Boris Lvin

April 11th, 2013

April 11th, 2013
12:00 am

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Раса и культура
Известно, что в наше время любые (ну, или почти любые) идеи о том, что свойства человеческого характера могут иметь наследственно-генетическую природу, принято объявлять "расизмом" и клеймить. Понятно, откуда растет эта традиция - из вполне благородного неприятия расовой ксенофобии.

Известно также, что недруги указанной идеи обычно противопоставляют ей мысль о том, что свойства человеческого характера имеют исключительно культурное происхождение.

В этой связи любопытны замечания, которые сделал известный славист-музыковед Ларс Ли в своей рецензии на несколько книг - включая одну Эстер Кингстон-Манн (которую я, видимо, читать не буду), и другую Янни Коцониса (которую я считаю исключительно ценной; к счастью, ее уже перевели на русский).

Рецензия называется "Experts and Peasants", напечатана в журнале Kritika, № 4 за 2001 год

Эти замечания формально отталкиваются от обсуждения указанных книг, но на самом деле имеют вполне самостоятельное значение. Вот они:

A Skeptical Look at "Culture"
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TimeEvent
12:22 am

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Марк Харрисон о Тэтчер
http://blogs.warwick.ac.uk/markharrison/entry/margaret_thatcher_and

На самом деле - больше о себе, чем о ней. Кончается так:

I'll finish on a personal note. Nothing annoyed me more at the time than what Margaret Thatcher famously had to say about "society," for I am a social scientist and what she appeared to say was that society does not exist:

I think we have gone through a period when too many children and people have been given to understand “I have a problem, it is the Government's job to cope with it!” or “I have a problem, I will go and get a grant to cope with it!” “I am homeless, the Government must house me!” and so they are casting their problems on society and who is society? There is no such thing! There are individual men and women and there are families and no government can do anything except through people.


Yet a close reading shows that Thatcher had in mind something very close to the kind of model that all economists must use to understand the distribution of income in society, based on the idea that income must be produced by some before it can be redistributed to others:

When people come and say: “But what is the point of working? I can get as much on the dole!” You say: “Look” It is not from the dole. It is your neighbour who is supplying it and if you can earn your own living then really you have a duty to do it and you will feel very much better!”


It's a message for today. I didn't want to hear it at the time. Thatcher didn't seem too bothered by that, and that annoyed me even more. It's still hard for me to say it, but it was a good thing she didn't care.

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