June 6th, 2003

О статье Фербенкса

Так как в прошлый раз не влезло, сохраняю еще раз, но уже отдельным постингом.

Статья Чарльзя Фербанкса (Charles H. Fairbanks, Jr. - http://www.sais-jhu.edu/faculty/profiles/fairbanks.html), напечатанная в сборнике "Soviet nationality policies and practices" (Praeger, 1978). Она сохраняет большую ценность как образец тонкого анализа, показывает сложность и многомерность советской системы, вскрывает серьезные вопросы. Анализ территориального деления политики в недемократическом обществе, данный в заключении статьи, кажется мне чрезвычайно важным.

Статья Фербенкса о Берии

NATIONAL CADRES AS A FORCE IN THE SOVIET SYSTEM: THE EVIDENCE OF BERIA'S CAREER, 1949-53

Charles H. Fairbanks, Jr.

This study investigates the political relations between dominant and subordinate nationalities as they were determined by the Stalin regime and as they changed with Joseph Stalin's death. As a key to the role of non-Russian nationalities, I will follow Lavrenti P. Beria's conduct on nationality issues from 1949 to June 1953. In all of Soviet history, Beria was the politician for whom the nationalities issue was most important. Since he was the only man who tried to use this policy issue as his principal weapon in an attempt to become ruler of the USSR, the career of Beria is a kind of test of the maximum weight the national minorities can assume.
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