On July 14, 1958, when Colonel Abdul Karim Qassim took control of the Kingdom of Iraq by a coup d'etat, the royal family was ordered to leave the palace in Baghdad: King Faisal II; Crown Prince 'Abd al-Ilah; Princess Hiyam, Abdul Ilah's wife; Princess Nafeesa, Abdul Ilah’s mother, Princess Abadiya, the king’s aunt; and several servants. When all of them arrived in the courtyard they were told to turn towards the palace wall, and were all shot down by Captain Abdus Sattar As Sab’ a member of the coup d'état led by Colonel Abdul Karim Qassim.
Nuri al-Said (1888 – July 15, 1958) (نوري السعيد) was an Iraqi politician during the British Mandate and monarchy, who served in various key cabinet positions, including fourteen terms as prime minister
Nuri went into hiding, and was captured the next day as he sought to make his escape disguised as a woman. He was shot dead that same day, 15 July 1958, and buried, but an angry crowd disinterred his body and dragged it through the streets of the capital, where it was hung up, burned and mutilated.
Abdul Karim Qassim (Arabic: عبد الكريم قاسم; also various other spellings; including Kassem, Quasim; popularly known as "az-Za‘īm" (Arabic: الزعيم) "the leader") (1914 – February 9, 1963), was an Iraqi military officer involved in the 1958 military coup d'état. Named Prime Minister of Iraq, Qassim associated himself with the ordinary Iraqi people.
He was killed after a phony trial by those who led the bloody coup of February 8, 1963.
Abdul Salam Arif (1921, Baghdad - April 13, 1966) (Arabic: عبد السلام عارف), president of Iraq (1963-1966). On February 8, 1963, he played a leading role in the coup in which the government of Abdul Karim Qassim was overthrown.
He was killed in a helicopter crash in southern Iraq and his brother Abdul Rahman Arif replaced him.
Abdul Rahman Arif (Arabic عبد الرحمان عارف) (born 1916 or 1918) was president of Iraq from April 16, 1966 to July 16, 1968.
His presidency was a turbulent one, and on July 16, 1968, while the president was sleeping, his own assistants along with members of the Ba'ath Party and Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr overthrew him in a coup.
He returned to Iraq in 1979, when Saddam Hussein came to power, and has since largely stayed out of the public and political spotlight. He was allowed to leave the country once to undertake the Hajj. Along with Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, he is one of the two living former Presidents.
General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr (Arabic أحمد حسن البكر) (July 1, 1914 - October 4, 1982), a member of Iraq's Sunni community, was President of Iraq (military dictator) from 1968 to 1979.
On July 16, 1979 the 65-year-old Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr stepped down, ostensibly on health grounds, and Saddam Hussein assumed the presidency in a move that was widely regarded as little more than a formality.
His death in 1982 received little recognition from the new regime. He also is said to have died under very suspicious circumstances, with several rumors that he was liquidated by pro-Saddam elements.